2021 Southeast Asian Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

XXXI Southeast Asian Games
2021 SEA Games Logo.svg
Host cityHanoi, Vietnam
Motto"For a Stronger Southeast Asia" (Vietnamese: Vì một Đông Nam Á mạnh mẽ hơn)[1]
Organizer(s) Vietnam
Nations participating11
Athletes participating5,467
Events526 in 40 sports
Opening ceremony12 May 2022
Closing ceremony23 May 2022
Officially opened byNguyễn Xuân Phúc
President of Vietnam
Athlete's OathVũ Thành An
Judge's OathPhan Thị Ngọc Linh
Torch lighterQuách Thị Lan
Main venueMỹ Đình National Stadium
WebsiteOfficial website

The 2021 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 31st Southeast Asian Games or 31st SEA Games and also known as Vietnam 2021, is a biennial regional multi-sport event currently held from 12 to 23 May 2022 in Hanoi, Vietnam. Originally scheduled to take place from 21 November to 2 December 2021, it was rescheduled as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam.[2] The competition features 40 sports, mainly those played at the Olympic Games.[3][4] This is the second time that Vietnam has hosted the Southeast Asian Games, having previously hosted the 2003 edition.

Host selection[edit]

Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City both submitted bids to host the games. While Ho Chi Minh City was initially favoured, Hanoi is later deemed to be the more suitable location due to its existing sporting infrastructure. This came after the Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng ordered provinces and cities to not build new sporting facilities as a cost-saving measure, following the country's withdrawal from hosting the 2018 Asian Games due to financial restraints.[5][6]

Hanoi[edit]

According to Hanoi's submitted proposal to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MCST), the city would spend 1.7 trillion VND ($77 million) on preparing and organizing the 2-week games running from late November to December. 97 billion VND ($4.3 million) is expected to be earned back from broadcast rights, advertisements, sponsors and other contributions.[7]

Ho Chi Minh City[edit]

In December 2017, Ho Chi Minh City Municipal Standing Committee of the Communist Party approved of the city's hosting proposal. According to the proposal, the direct cost for hosting the Games in the city is estimated to be 7.48 trillion VND ($330 million) with 6.6 trillion VND (US$290 million) to be spent on upgrading sports facilities and 904 billion VND ($40 million) on organizing costs. However, another 8.2 trillion VND ($360 million) is needed for the construction of Rach Chiec Sports Complex while an athletes' village will not be built. The Games would run for 12 days in mid-August and see 30-36 sports being contested. The provinces of Đồng Nai and Bình Dương would also host a portion of Games.[8]

Decision[edit]

On 9 July 2018, the Vietnamese government selected Hanoi as the host city of the 31st SEA Games and the 2021 ASEAN Para Games, which was later ratified by Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc on 13 November 2019.

Postponement[edit]

Despite the postponement of the 2020 Summer Olympics in July 2021, the games were still planned to be held from late November to early December 2021, three months after the rescheduled Olympics. The 11th ASEAN Para Games were also to be held from 17 to 23 December 2021. Vietnam Television (VTV) and Voice of Vietnam (VOV) were appointed as the host broadcasters.[9] Originally scheduled to be held from 21 November to 2 December 2021,[9] the games were later postponed to 12 to 23 May 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Vietnam.[10]

Preparation[edit]

Vietnam's SEA Games Organizing Committee (SEAGOC) was formed in April 2020 with the function of preparing, submitting and executing plans to stage the Games.[11]

Budget[edit]

The proposed budget allocated by the Vietnamese government for this edition of SEA Games was initially estimated to be 1.6 trillion VND (US$69.3 million). 980.3 billion VND (US$42.3 million) would be used for organizing costs while 602.3 billion VND (US$25.9 million) would be allocated for upgrades and repairs to facilities managed by MCST.[12] Provincial authorities are responsible for renovations to facilities under their management. Other than a new cycling track in Hòa Bình Province and a small tennis complex on Hanoi Sports Training and Competition Centre campus (handled by Hanoi People's Committee), no other sporting venue would be constructed for the edition.[12]

Organization revenue is expected to be 226.6 billion VND (US$9.7 million), with 136.6 billion VND coming from the delegates' accommodation fees and 65 billion VND from broadcast rights.[12]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Vietnam's budget for the Games was cut.[13] In January 2022, the Vietnamese government approved an organizing budget of 750 billion VND (US$32.8 million) for the Games.[14] On April 1, 2022, the Vietnamese government approved an additional budget of 449 billion VND (US$19.65 million) for the Games. The money is taken from the national budget for sports and physical training in 2022. Four ministries and central agencies will be provided 378.3 billion VND, while Hanoi and 11 other provinces will receive an additional 70.7 billion VND.[15][16]

Venues[edit]

2021 Southeast Asian Games is located in Vietnam
Hanoi Region
Hanoi Region
Hải Phòng
Hải Phòng
Nam Định
Nam Định
Ninh Bình
Ninh Bình
Quảng Ninh
Quảng Ninh
Provinces that will host 2021 Southeast Asian Games

While Hanoi will be the main hub, several other surrounding provinces will also assist in hosting portions of the games. Athletes and officials will be housed in hotels near their competition venues. In the initial plan, a new tennis complex was planned to be built on Hanoi Sports Training and Competition Centre campus and a newly rebuilt Hàng Đẫy Stadium would host a group for men's football. Both of these projects faced development delays and difficulties and could no longer be completed in time for the games.[17] Consequently, the tennis venue was relocated to a newly-built private venue in Bắc Ninh Province, and Việt Trì Stadium will host a men's football group alongside Thiên Trường Stadium during the group stage.[18]

My Dinh National Stadium will host the opening and closing ceremonies along with men's football and athletics events
Thiên Trường Stadium will host a portion of men's football competitions
Quần Ngựa Sports Palace will host all gymnastics events
Zone City/Province Venue Event(s) Capacity Ref.
Hanoi National Sports Complex
Mỹ Đình National Stadium Opening Ceremony, Men's Football Finals, Athletics 40,192 [19]
Mỹ Đình Aquatics Center Aquatics 5,700 [19]
Hanoi Indoor Games Gymnasium Fencing, Closing Ceremony 3,094 [19]
Hanoi Sports Training and Competition Centre
Palace of Culture Weightlifting, Bodybuilding [19]
Pétanque Boulodrome Pétanque [19]
Archery Field Archery [19]
Other
Bắc Từ Liêm District Sporting Hall Pencak Silat 950 [19]
Cầu Giấy District Sporting Hall Wushu 858 [19]
Đan Phượng District Sporting Hall Jujitsu 525 [19]
Gia Lâm District Sporting Hall Wrestling 2,400 [19]
Hà Đông District Sporting Hall Billiards & Snooker 1,850 [19]
Hanoi National Sports Training Centre No. 1 Shooting [19]
Hoài Đức District Sporting Hall Judo, Kurash 2,000 [19]
Hoàng Mai District Sporting Hall Sepak takraw 1,000 [19]
Long Biên District Sporting Hall Dancesport 300 [19]
Quần Ngựa Sports Palace Gymnastics 5,500 [19]
Royal City Hanoi Bowling [19]
Tây Hồ District Sporting Hall Taekwondo 1,200 [19]
Thanh Trì District Sporting Hall Basketball 1,086 [19]
Sóc Sơn District Sporting Hall Vovinam 934 [19]
Vietnam National Convention Center Esports 3,747 [20]
Bắc Giang Bắc Giang Gymnasium Badminton 4,000 [21]
Bắc Ninh Bắc Ninh Gymnasium Boxing, Kickboxing 3,000 [19]
Bắc Ninh Sports University Gymnasium Handball 1,500 [19]
Hanaka Sports & Entertainment Center Tennis 3,000 [19]
Hà Nam Hà Nam Gymnasium Futsal 7,500 [19]
Hải Dương Hải Dương Sporting Hall Table Tennis 2,300 [19]
Hòa Bình TBA Cycling [19]
Vĩnh Phúc Vĩnh Phúc Sporting Hall Muay Thai 2,520 [19]
Đầm Vạc Golf Course Golf [19]
Phú Thọ Việt Trì Stadium Men's Football 16,000 [19]
Other venues
Thủy Nguyên Boat Racing Center Canoeing, Rowing N/A [19]
Thiên Trường Stadium Men's Football 30,000 [19]
Ninh Bình Province Sports Gymnasium Karate 3,040 [19]
Quảng Ninh Cẩm Phả Stadium Women's Football 16,000 [19]
Đại Yên Sports Arena Volleyball 6,105 [19]
Quảng Ninh Exhibition Palace of Urban Planning & Expo Chess [19]
Tuần Châu Beach Beach volleyball, Beach handball [19]
Tuần Châu Triathlon, Duathlon [19]
Yên Tử Legacy Resort Xiangqi [19]

Non-competition venues[edit]

Province/Municipality Venue Events/Designation
Hanoi Vietnam National Convention Center International Broadcasting Center (IBC)
Media Press Center (MPC)

Volunteers[edit]

The organizing committee planned to recruit around 3000 volunteers for the Games with 2000 of them based in Hanoi. In February 2022, SEAGOC started to work with local Hanoi colleges, mainly Hanoi University and Hanoi Open University to start the process. Applicants are required to be fully vaccinated against COVID-19.[22] Selected volunteers would receive orientation and training between March and April before being assigned to specific venues in April 2022.[23]

Torch relay[edit]

The torch relay was held 31 days prior to the opening ceremony, representing 31 editions of the Southeast Asian Games. The journey started at Hùng Temple in Phú Thọ Province on 11 April 2022, and had gone through all hosting provinces before arriving at the cauldron at Mỹ Đình National Stadium in Hanoi on 12 May 2022.[24]

Ticketing[edit]

The SEAGOC encouraged each provincial organizing committee to allow spectators to enter competition venues for free.[25] However, the decision to release and/or charge for tickets is ultimately dependent on each province. Hải Phòng and Quảng Ninh have expressed interests in free entry for all spectators, with the latter being the largest cluster of venues outside of Hà Nội. Meanwhile, Phú Thọ, the host for all of Vietnam's matches in men's football, has planned on selling tickets.[26]

The Games[edit]

COVID-19 regulations[edit]

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, all athletes and officials entering Vietnam are required to have a negative PCR-based COVID-19 test within 72 hours of their departure. Within 24 hours of entry and of their respective event, participants will be tested again using rapid testing.[27]

If an athlete tests positive for COVID-19, they will be quarantined at their designated facility, or transported to a hospital in severe cases. For a positive case tested before their respective event, the NOC could replace the athlete with another one. However, if a positive case turns up while the event is still ongoing, the athlete can no longer participate and their results will be invalidated.[27]

Spectators at any events will not have to show any negative test to enter. However, the amount of spectators allowed at a venue depends on the local COVID-19 regulations at the time of competition.[27]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony for the Games was held on 12 May 2022 - 20:00 (local time) at Mỹ Đình National Stadium. Merited artist, Vietnamese choreographer and head of the Vietnamese Department of Performing Arts Trần Ly Ly was the chief director of the ceremony. Only 31 athletes from each country participated in the parade of nations, as a preventive measure against COVID-19.[28] 3D Mapping, Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), Extended Reality (ER) and Mixed Reality (MR) were among the technologies used during the ceremony.[29] More than 1,000 actors were mobilized for the performance, with each smaller performance featured more than 200 actors and actresses. The stage is designed with 44 projectors for demonstrating projection mapping technology and the stadium pitch was turned into a display surface. In addition, the entirety of stand B in the stadium was used as the main stage.[30] The ceremony, titled Welcoming Southeast Asia, featured three main performances which included: Friendly Vietnam, Strong Southeast Asia, and Shining Southeast Asia. The stories of bamboo and wet rice culture, which represent the flexibility and resistance of the Vietnamese people, and also lotus as the national flower were among the elements featured in the ceremony.[31]

First performance “Friendly Vietnam” shows the message that Vietnam is a country with a culture with its own identity and friendly with people from all countries of the world. Second performance “Strong Southeast Asia” demonstrates the strength of the ASEAN community when linking will create a position on the world map. Third performance “Shining Southeast Asia” shows the strength of solidarity and friendship between Vietnam and ASEAN countries that working together to unite, build a strong ASEAN community and promote ASEAN’s role in the international arena.[32][33]

Participating nations[edit]

All 11 members of Southeast Asian Games Federation are expected to take part in the 2021 SEA Games. Below is a list of all the participating NOCs.

While Thailand and Indonesia were initially barred from using their national flags due to sanctions by the World Anti-Doping Agency,[34] the sanction was lifted on 3 February 2022.[35]

Sports[edit]

The 31st SEA Games will feature 40 sports with 525 events.[36][37] Nearly half, or 19 out of 40 sports, are those not included in the Olympic Games at the time the 31st SEA Games were held.

2021 Southeast Asian Games Sporting Programmes

indicates non-Olympics sports

Calendar[edit]

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
May Events
6
Fri
7
Sat
8
Sun
9
Mon
10
Tue
11
Wed
12
Thu
13
Fri
14
Sat
15
Sun
16
Mon
17
Tue
18
Wed
19
Thu
20
Fri
21
Sat
22
Sun
23
Mon
Ceremonies OC CC N/A
Aquatics
Diving 2 2 2 2 61
Finswimming 7 6
Swimming 7 7 7 6 7 6
Archery 5 5 10
Athletics 11 8 10 7 7 4 47
Badminton 2 5 7
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg 5x5 Basketball 2 4
3x3 basketball pictogram.svg 3x3 Basketball 2
Billiards & snooker 3 1 1 1 2 2 10
Bodybuilding 3 4 3 10
Bowling 2 2 2 6
Boxing 13 13
Canoe/Kayak 2 4 4 N/A N/A 19
Chessgames Chess 2 2 2 2 2 10
Xiangqi pictogram.svg Xiangqi 1 1 2 4
Cycling Mountain biking 2 2 1 5
Road cycling 2 2 1 2 7
Dancesport 6 6 12
Esports 3 1 1 1 4 10
Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
Football Football 1 1 4
Futsal 2
Golf 2 2 4
Gymnastics 2 2 5 5 2 2 3 21
Handball Indoor 2 3
Beach 1
Judo 2 4 3 3 1 13
Jujitsu 3 3 6
Karate 6 5 3 14
Kickboxing 12 12
Kurash 4 3 3 10
Muaythai 1 10 11
Pencak silat 6 10 16
Petanque pictogram.svg Pétanque 2 2 2 2 8
Rowing 4 4 8 16
Sepak takraw 2 2 2 2 8
Shooting 4 2 2 3 3 N/A N/A 19
Table tennis 2 3 2 7
Taekwondo 5 5 5 4 19
Tennis 2 2 3 7
Duathlon / Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 2 2 4
Volleyball Indoor 2 4
Beach volleyball pictogram.svg Beach 2
Vovinam 3 3 3 3 3 15
Weightlifting 3 4 4 3 14
Wrestling 6 6 6 18
Wushu 4 5 12 21
Daily Gold Medal Events 0 0 2 2 6 16 32 47 66 52 44 56 60 N/A 520
Cumulative total 0 0 2 4 10 26 58 105 171 223 267 323 383 N/A 520
6
Fri
7
Sat
8
Sun
9
Mon
10
Tue
11
Wed
12
Thu
13
Fri
14
Sat
15
Sun
16
Mon
17
Tue
18
Wed
19
Thu
20
Fri
21
Sat
22
Sun
23
Mon
Total
events
May

Source:[38]


Medal table[edit]

  *   Host nation (Vietnam)

2021 Southeast Asian Games medal table[39]
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Vietnam*1539184328
2 Thailand626896226
3 Singapore444355142
4 Indonesia426157160
5 Philippines405783180
6 Malaysia343873145
7 Myanmar7121837
8 Cambodia692540
9 Laos162229
10 Brunei1113
11 Timor-Leste0213
Totals (11 nations)3903885151293

Marketing[edit]

Official branding[edit]

On 30 August 2019, Vietnam Olympic Committee launched a nationwide contest to find the official logo, mascot, slogan, and song for both 31st SEA Games and 2021 ASEAN Para Games. The contest ran until 30 October 2019. The top 3 in each category were intended to be featured on a ballot and Vietnamese nationals could then vote for the winning creation.[40] On 20 October 2019, a mascot named after the canine character Vàng in Nam Cao's famous short story Lão Hạc was awarded People's Choice Award by the organizer.[41] On 26 October 2019, the final top 3 mascots, selected by an internal panel, were announced. These mascots took inspirations from various Vietnamese animals: the endangered species saola, the mythical creature "con nghê", and tigers. The selected designs were met with a negative reception by the Vietnamese public. The organizers later withdrew the announcement, stating that the designs were preliminary and would undergo further adjustments.[42] The reveal was then postponed to November 2019, and later indefinitely postponed.[43]

On 19 November 2020, the winning entries were announced.[44] No theme song was selected from the contest, with the organizing committee commissioning composer Quang Vinh, who previously penned the theme song "Vì một thế giới ngày mai" for the 22nd SEA Games in 2003, to write a new theme song for this edition.[45]

[edit]

The 31st SEA Games logo was designed by Hoàng Xuân Hiếu. Hiếu's logo is inspired by the combined images of a dove and a human hand to create the "V" shape,[46] representing the words "victory" and "Vietnam". This idea originates from the image of an athlete placing his hand on his left chest, singing the National Anthem before each sacred match. In addition, the bird's wings are a symbol of extraordinary will, desire to conquer and great sportsmanship.

Mascot[edit]

Sao La is the official mascot of the 31st SEA Games 2022

The mascot of the 2021 Southeast Asian Games is Sao La, inspired by saola – a rare mammal native to central Vietnam. This design by Ngô Xuân Khôi defeated 557 other mascot submissions to emerge as the winner of the 2019 searching contest.[44]

Slogan[edit]

"For a Stronger Southeast Asia" was chosen as the slogan of this edition. The slogan represents Vietnam's hope as ASEAN Chair 2020, for the region to develop further, and signifies the region's strive to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic.

Theme song[edit]

During the International Press Conference held on 28 February 2022, "Let's Shine", the official theme song of the 31st SEA Games, was revealed. The song was composed by Huy Tuấn and performed by Tùng Dương, Hồ Ngọc Hà, Văn Mai Hương, Isaac and Đen Vâu, and features lyrics in English and Vietnamese.[47][48][24]

Sponsors[edit]

There were 4 tiers of sponsorships for the 31st SEA Games. Diamond sponsors contributed more than 10 billion VND (US$438,000) in cash or 13 billion VND (US$569,000) worth of products or services. Platinum sponsors contributed 5-10 billion VND in cash or 8-13 billion VND worth of products or services. Gold sponsors contributed 3-5 billion VND in cash or 6-8 billion VND worth of products or services. Partner sponsors contributed under 3 billion VND in cash, or under 6 billion VND worth of products or services.[49] Vietcontent is the main sponsorship agency of the Games.[50]

2021 Southeast Asian Games sponsors
Tier Sponsoring firms
Diamond Ajinomoto,[51] Động Lực, Heineken Asia Pacific (Bia Việt),[52] Jogarbola,[52] Sabeco Brewery (Bia Saigon),[53] Stavian Chemical,[54] Toyota, VNPT[55]
Platinum Digiticket,[54] Nestlé (Milo),[54] Truong Sinh Group[56]
Gold and Partners Bao Viet Insurance,[56] Exmicror,[56] Hahalolo,[56] Hanaka Group,[56] Hero World Bowling & Games Center,[56] Heron Lake Golf Course & Resort,[56] Legacy Yen Tu – MGallery [56], Medicon (TrueLine),[56] MW Jewelry, OrgaFood (MeoMask),[56] PepsiCo (Aquafina, Pepsi, Revive, SodaStream),[56] TikTok,[56] Tuan Chau Group,[56] TV360,[56] TVU Networks,[56] Vietravel Airlines[56]

Broadcasting[edit]

Key

  *   Host nation (Vietnam)

2021 SEA Games Broadcasters rights in Southeast Asia
IOC Code Country Broadcast network Television network Radio network Digital network
BRU  Brunei Radio Television Brunei (RTB) RTB Perdana Nasional FM
CAM  Cambodia Hang Meas HDTV
Radio and Television of Cambodia
Television of Cambodia Radio of Cambodia
INA  Indonesia TVRI
MNC Media[57]
TVRI
TVRI Sport
MNCTV
RCTI
iNews
Radio Republik Indonesia MNC Media (RCTI+ and Vision+)
LAO  Laos Laos National Radio and Television Lao National Television Lao National Radio
MAS  Malaysia Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM)[58]
Astro[59]
TV2
TV Okey
Sukan RTM
Astro Arena HD
Ai FM
KL FM
Minnal FM
Nasional FM
TraXX FM
RTM (MyKlik)
Astro (Astro Go)
MYA  Myanmar Myanmar Radio and Television Sky Net
MRTV-4
MRTV
Myanmar Radio
PHI  Philippines TV5 Network
Cignal TV
TV5 (TV5 Manila)
One Sports (One Sports 41 Manila)[60]
Radyo5 92.3 News FM Cignal Play
SGP  Singapore Mediacorp
Singtel TV
Channel 5 Ria 89.7FM
Gold 905
Symphony 924
YES 933
CNA938
Warna 94.2FM
Class 95
Capital 95.8FM
Oli 96.8FM
Love 97.2FM
987FM
Mediacorp (meWATCH and Mediacorp Entertainment on YouTube)
THA  Thailand Television Pool of Thailand (TPT)[61] 3HD
TV5
7HD
9 MCOT HD
NBT2HD
GMM 25
PPTV HD 36
T Sports
MCOT Radio Network
NBT Radio
True ID
TLS  Timor-Leste RTTL
Asiansport Channel Network
Televisão Timor Leste
Asiansport
Radio Timor Leste
VIE  Vietnam Broadcasters Alliance of Vietnam (BAV)[a] VTV1
VTV5
VTV6
HTV1
HTV Key
HTV Thể Thao
HTV9
VTC1
VTC3
VTC8
Hanoi TV2
QTV3
THHN
Voice of Vietnam K+
VTVcab (ON Sports Network)

Controversies[edit]

During the men's 4x100m freestyle relay in the swimming competition, both Singapore and Malaysia were disqualified after the two teams had won gold and silver, respectively. As a result of the disqualification, it pushed host Vietnam from bronze to gold.

Official timing showed one of Malaysian swimmers had left the blocks at a changeover 0.12 seconds before the incoming swimmer had touched the wall, in comments reported by state news agency Bernama.

Vietnamese swim coach Phan Quang Minh Quan told state outlet VnExpress: "This is something very difficult and sensitive in sport, but the digital machine detected the violations, not human, so it's fair."[62]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vietnam Television (VTV)
    Ho Chi Minh City Television (HTV)
    Hanoi Radio Television
    Vietnam Multimedia Corporation (VTC)
    Quảng Ninh Radio and Television (QNRT)
    Bắc Ninh Radio and Television (BNRT)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim Hoà. "Sao la là linh vật SEA Games 2021". VNExpress (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  2. ^ Petty, Martin (8 July 2021). "Southeast Asian Games postponed over COVID-19 crisis - Malaysia Olympic Council". Reuters. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Vietnam announces 2021 SEA Games budget". Myanmar Times. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Hanoi selected to host SEA Games 31". VietnamPlus. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Hanoi will host 2021 SE Asian Games: official". Tuoi Tre News. 10 April 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Vietnam backs out as host of 2019 Asian Games". Reusters. Thomson Reuters. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  7. ^ Phuong, Lan (5 April 2016). "Vietnam to spend $78 mln hosting Southeast Asian Games in 2021". Thanh Nien Daily. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  8. ^ "SEA Games 2021:TP.HCM chính thức xin đăng cai". Tuổi Trẻ Online. 21 December 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Quyết định số 1616/QĐ-TTg của Thủ tướng Chính phủ : Tổ chức Đại hội Thể thao Đông Nam Á lần thứ 31 và Đại hội Thể thao người khuyết tật Đông Nam Á lần thứ 11 năm 2021 tại Việt Nam". Cổng thông tin điện tử Chính phủ. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  10. ^ "SEA Games 31 slated for May 2022". VietnamPlus. Vietnam News Agency. 5 November 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  11. ^ "Thành lập Ban tổ chức SEA Games 31 và ASEAN Para Games 11". Nhân Dân Điện Tử. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  12. ^ a b c Trọng Đạt (23 July 2020). "1.600 tỷ đồng tổ chức SEA Games 31". Tiền Phong (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  13. ^ Nguyen, Hoang. "Covid-19 crisis slashes Vietnam's SEA Games, Para Games budgets". VnExpress International. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  14. ^ Thanh Xuân (18 January 2022). "SEA Games 31 được duyệt kinh phí tổ chức 750 tỉ đồng, không cắt giảm số môn thi đấu". Tuổi Trẻ Online (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Additional 449 billion VND allocated for SEA Games 31 organisation". VietnamPlus. 2 April 2022. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  16. ^ Viet Tuan. "SEA Games 31 receives budget boost from government". VnExpress International. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  17. ^ L. Sơn (5 September 2020). "Sân vận động Hàng Đẫy và dự án cụm sân quần vợt không đảm bảo tiến độ phục vụ SEA Games 31". Báo Tin Tức (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  18. ^ Nhật Duy (15 September 2020). "Ngổn ngang SEA Games 31!". Thanh Niên (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "Chi tiết địa điểm tổ chức các môn thi đấu SEA Games 2021 tại Việt Nam". Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  20. ^ "31st Southeast Asian Games Esports content (NỘI DUNG THI ĐẤU CỦA THỂ THAO ĐIỆN TỬ TẠI SEA GAMES 31)". Vietnam Recreational and Electronic Sports Association (VIRESA) (in Vietnamese). 24 March 2021. Archived from the original on 29 June 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  21. ^ Vân Trường; Nguyễn Phát. "Bắc Ninh, Bắc Giang đẩy nhanh tiến độ dự án phục vụ SEA Games 31". Lao Động (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  22. ^ Ngân Hà. "Tuyển chọn 3.000 tình nguyện viên phục vụ SEA Games 31". Hà Nội Mới (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  23. ^ Ngân Hà. "Tuyển chọn tình nguyện viên phục vụ SEA Games 31: Nỗ lực vì một kỳ đại hội thành công". Hà Nội Mới (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  24. ^ a b Tú Hân. "Rước đuốc SEA Games từ Phú Thọ về Hà Nội trước lễ khai mạc 31 ngày". Web thể thao (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  25. ^ "Công văn số 1280/BTCSG31 -TBTCCSVCVĐTT về việc phương án phát hành giấy mời và vé các nội dung thi đấu trong SEA Games 31". SEA Games 31 - Viet Nam 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  26. ^ "SEA Games 31: Có mở cửa cho khán giả?". Tuổi Trẻ Online. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  27. ^ a b c Khương Xuân. "Khán giả đến sân xem SEA Games 31 không phải xét nghiệm COVID-19". Tuổi Trẻ Online (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  28. ^ Nhật Duy. "Lễ khai mạc SEA Games đặc biệt chưa từng có". Thanh Niên Online (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  29. ^ "SEA Games 31 opening ceremony held in Hanoi".
  30. ^ "SEA Games 31 opening ceremony to tell stories of bamboo and wet rice culture".
  31. ^ "The colors of Vietnam in the opening ceremony of the 31st SEA Games".
  32. ^ "SEA Games 31: Spectacular opening ceremony raises spirit for stronger Southeast Asia".
  33. ^ "Unveiling the unique opening ceremony of the 31st SEA Games".
  34. ^ Villar, Joey (14 October 2021). "No Indonesia, Thai flags in Hanoi Games". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  35. ^ "WADA removes National Anti-Doping Organizations of Indonesia and Thailand from World Anti-Doping Code non-compliant list".
  36. ^ Nguyên Phương (3 July 2020). "Việt Nam chỉ tổ chức tối đa 40 môn tại SEA Games 31". Sài Gòn Giải Phóng - Thể Thao Online (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  37. ^ Lê Hùng (12 October 2020). "SEA Games 31 có thêm 4 môn thi đấu". Sài Gòn Giải Phóng Online (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  38. ^ "SEA Games 2021 Schedules". 31st SEA Games - Viet Nam 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  39. ^ https://seagames2021.com/competition-results
  40. ^ "Organisers launch SEA Games contests". VietNam News. 31 August 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  41. ^ "Most Favorite Mascot by Netizen". Logo SEA Games 31 Facebook. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  42. ^ Thanh Xuân (13 November 2019). "BTC cuộc thi linh vật SEA Games 31 tại Việt Nam ẩn bài, rút hình ảnh để ...chỉnh sửa". An Ninh Thủ Đô (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  43. ^ "Vẫn chưa có logo và bài hát SEA Games 31, ASEAN Para Games 11". Báo Tin Tức (in Vietnamese). 29 June 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  44. ^ a b "Công bố và trao giải cuộc thi sáng tác biểu trưng, biểu tượng vui SEA Games 31 và ASEAN Para Games 11 năm 2021, tại Việt Nam". Vietnam Sports Administration (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  45. ^ Trọng Đạt (19 November 2020). "'Nóng ruột' chờ bài hát SEA Games 31". Tiền Phong Online (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  46. ^ Ngoc, Anh (19 November 2020). "Official logo, mascot of SEA Games 2021 launched". Voice of Vietnam. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  47. ^ "SEA Games 31 - For a stronger South East Asia". SEA Games 31 - Viet Nam 2021 Facebook. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  48. ^ "Let's Shine - Tùng Dương, Hồ Ngọc Hà, Văn Mai Hương, ISAAC, Đen Vâu (Official Lyric Video)". YouTube. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  49. ^ "Quyết định về việc ban hành quy chế vận động, quản lý, sử dụng tài trợ và nhượng quyền sử dụng thương hiệu Đại hội thể thao Đông Nam Á lần thứ 31 và Đại hội thể thao người khuyết tật Đông Nam Á lần thứ 11 năm 2021 tại Việt Nam" (PDF). Bắc Giang Provincial Protal. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  50. ^ "SEA Games 31 đã kêu gọi tài trợ được trên 70 tỉ đồng". Lao Động Online. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  51. ^ "Ajinomoto là nhà tài trợ kim cương SEA Games 31". VNExpress. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  52. ^ a b "SEA Games 31 hy vọng thu được 70 tỉ đồng tiền tài trợ". Tuổi Trẻ Online. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  53. ^ "Bia Saigon là nhà tài trợ Kim cương cho SEA Games 31 tại Việt Nam". ĐCSVN. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  54. ^ a b c "BTC SEA Games 31 công bố nhà tài trợ kim cương và bạch kim". TTVH Online. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  55. ^ "SEA Games 31: Hệ thống công nghệ thông tin sẽ chạy thử nghiệm vào tháng 4/2022 – Thể thao cuộc sống" (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  56. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "SEA Games 2021 Homepage". Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  57. ^ "Hak Siar SEA Games 2021 Jadi Milik MNC Group dan TVRI, Ini Penjelasan NOC Indonesia". Skor.id. 6 May 2022. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  58. ^ "RTM siar liputan Sukan SEA ke-31 secara langsung".
  59. ^ "Astro Extends Premier League Deal For Three More Seasons Until 2025". kkmm.gov.my. The Star. 27 April 2022.
  60. ^ "Cignal TV at TV5, official broadcast partner sa 31st SEA Games sa Mayo". YouTube. 21 March 2022. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  61. ^ "8 Thai TV stations to show SEA Games events". Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  62. ^ "Schooling loses first SEA Games gold over swim controversy". France 24. 15 May 2022. Retrieved 18 May 2022.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Philippines
Southeast Asian Games
XXXI Southeast Asian Games (2021)
Succeeded by
Phnom Penh